This scale was originally developed for the National Youth Survey and is widely used in studies of youth behavior and development Elliott, Those who were disciplined with two or more severe physical discipline practices were considered to have been maltreated.
Finally, we explore the role of gender as a possible moderator of childhood exposure on later outcomes in adolescence. All four of these variables were found to be significantly predictive of violence exposure.
Using the dichotomous child abuse and domestic violence exposure variables, the sample was then split into four mutually exclusive groups: Gender Differences Support is mixed with respect to gender differences in effects of witnessing domestic violence, being the direct victim of abuse, or both.
However, other studies have found that gender moderates the effects of violence exposure. Three waves of data were collected at key developmental points for children preschool, school age, and adolescenceand a fourth adult wave of the study is now underway.
Hughes found that children who were direct victims of abuse and exposed to domestic violence had higher externalizing and internalizing scores than did those who only witnessed domestic violence DV.
The study also included a no-violence comparison group. Severe physical disciplining was assessed with self-reports from mothers and adolescents and includes: The present analyses are conducted using data from the individuals assessed across all three waves of data collection.
Further tests for comparability between attriters and non-attriters found no differences on other key variables, including childhood SES, physically abusive discipline, and exposure to domestic violence. However, while there were some observable differences in the prediction of outcomes for children with dual exposure compared to those with single exposure i.
When accounting for risk factors associated with additional stressors in the family and surrounding environment, only those children with dual exposure had an elevated risk of the tested outcomes compared to non-exposed youth. Individuals for whom there was agreement in the prospective parent report and retrospective adolescent report were added to those identified by official records as abuse victims.
Results show that child abuse, domestic violence, and both in combination i. The scores of the regression model then were used to calculate a total predicted probability value for each participant. In a recent meta-analysis of studies that examined the relationship between domestic violence exposure in childhood and adolescent internalizing and externalizing behaviors, Evans, Davies, and DiLillo found significant mean-weighted effect sizes of.
Participants were recruited from several settings in a two-county area of Pennsylvania: Subscales of the internalizing and externalizing composite scales were scored and used in the reported analyses.
Parent personal problems included responses to survey items about current stressors in the family, as reported by parents at the time. Race and age of youth were also included in the risk scale to capture demographics known to be associated with higher scores on our outcome constructs: Studies investigating dual exposure have produced mixed results, suggesting the need for further investigation.
However, to account for possible gender differences in levels of the predictors and outcomes, gender was added as a free-standing covariate in the analyses.Impact of Witnessing Domestic Violence on Child Development The impacts on the social and emotional development as well as the physiological and physical development of child witnesses of domestic violence are unending, and research shows.
Developmental Factors Moderating the Effects of Exposure to Domestic Violence Because a child’s level of coping skills and perception of domestic violence may vary according to age, effects of exposure to domestic violence may manifest differently in children of different devel- opmental stages.
This study examines the effects of child abuse and domestic violence exposure in childhood on adolescent internalizing and externalizing behaviors.
Data for this analysis are from the Lehigh Longitudinal Study, a prospective study of youth addressing outcomes of family violence and resilience in individuals and families.
Witnessing intimate partner violence as a child does not increase the likelihood of becoming an adult intimate partner violence victim.
Maternal-child dyads of functioning: the intergenerational impact of violence against women on children.
This meta-analysis examined studies of the psychosocial outcomes of children exposed to interpa- effect sizes in research on child witnesses to domestic violence: (a) factors related to research design and the assessment of domestic violence; (b) the context in which outcomes are assessed (i.e., child witnesses’ risk for.
Child Witness to Domestic Abuse: Baseline Data Analysis for a Seven-Year Prospective Study.
Blair F, McFarlane J, Nava A, Gilroy H, Maddoux J. Comment in Pediatr Nurs. Jan-Feb;41(1) Children who witness the abuse of their mother by an intimate partner suffer .Download