Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. It ignores important social explanations of aggression such as social learning theory- It also fails to explain why there are cross cultural differences. If, as is suggested above, homicide is an evolved behaviour then it is very likely that the ability to defend against murder has also evolved, such as being able to read the signs of homicidal intent.
Bertram found that lions killed the offspring of other males to ensure a higher likelihood of his own offspring surviving and his genes being passed on. Educating people in these danger signs can reduce the likelihood of women becoming victims of violence.
Also, studies have failed to identify whether aggression was caused by testosterone or whether testosterone was secreted due to increased aggression.
For example, it is now common for males to adopt a child, even though it has no adaptive advantage for them because their genes are not being passed on, but they are committing cuckoldry. Wilson et al found support for the link between sexual jealousy, mate retention and violence. Men were asked about their use of mate retention techniques and how often they used 26 different types of violent acts, women were asked similar questions.
Therefore, help can be offered before sexual aggression caused by sexual jealousy ever occurs. Releigh found that monkeys fed on a diet which decreased their serotonin levels increased their aggressive behaviour however, on a diet that increased serotonin levels, the monkeys displayed reduced aggression.
Illustrate the link between male jealousy, mate retention and violence using research studies e. Homicide can also be due to sexual jealousy. Another reason that men kill men is to defend their status in a peer group.
Although this is not the case now, the gene may still exist, so there has been a genome lag which is causing aggression in humans. Particular use of mate retention techniques can be an early indicator of violence towards partner, alerting family, friends and partner to possible danger.
However, there are methodological issues involved with this study, in particular with the measurement of aggression.
Likewise, a meta-analysis by Archer also found low positive correlation between the two variables. This is because humans have a more complex physiology, for example, and so may respond quite differently.
Social learning theory may account for this as violent men may have grown up with violent role models, and have learned to be violent by observing them. This approach cannot explain why some men react differently to the same stimulus.
Discuss the role of neural and hormonal mechanisms in aggression. Questionnaires and surveys may not therefore reveal the true extent and nature of male jealousy.
If a man is asked to complete a questionnaire asking how violent he is towards his partner, then it is most likely that he will distort the truth due to his desire to appear more socially desirable than he actually is social desirability bias.May 21, · Discuss evolutionary explanations of human aggression, including infidelity and/or jealousy.
(8marks + 16 marks) Evolutionary explanations of aggression are an adaptive response to ensure the genes are passed onto their offspring. Sexual jealousy is often the reason for aggression as males experience paternal uncertainty, thus do not want to unwittingly invest resources in offspring.
Charlie cooper mi-centre.com StudyWise: A-Level Psychology Revision Discuss evolutionary explanations of human aggression (8 and 16 marks) The evolutionary approach takes. Discuss evolutionary explanations of human aggression One evolutionary explanation of human aggression is sexual jealousy.
Infidelity triggers sexual jealousy. Discuss Evolutionary Explanations of Human Aggression (8+16) The evolutionary explanation to aggression suggests that aggression is an evolved adaptation designed to enhance reproductive fitness (survival and passing along genes).
Discuss Evolutionary Explanations of Human Aggression Essay Sample. One evolutionary explanation of human aggression is sexual jealousy. Infidelity triggers sexual jealousy which is an evolved adaptive response to infidelity.
You should outline and evaluate evolutionary explanations of elements of aggression such as infidelity and jealousy. Aggression in men has an adaptive value.Download