Taking the reader into account: We are asked to summarize, question, and reread, but these are all simply study behaviors. The concepts and terminology presented in these web pages will enable you to see how the language works to communicate ideas in written form. How are ideas conveyed in writing?
I feel like these types of assignments are so much more meaningful. Giving assignments that specify a real-world purpose with a realistic audience, so students have a better standard to judge their writing performance against.
Writer-based revision appears to be the building block or introductory method to learning how to write and then properly revise reader-based prose. They showfor instance, how language unlike, say, numbers enables continuous levels of qualification, and how this aspect of language enables us to focus our thoughts.
A text may, for instance, use description within a narrative as a way of explaining as part of an argument. Flower calls for teaching students revision for readers as something that should be undertaken separately and with more gravitas, so students can make the transition easier and with less apprehension.
Flower reiterates why using an initial writer-based prose is advantageous here, so the writer may articulate him or herself with clear, issue-centered organization. Choices are examined not only within the view of writing as a sequential activity, one sentence after another, but also in a more holistic or organic way in terms of a mix of ingredients or intertwining patterns of elements throughout a text.
They will show you ways in which thoughts can be linked within a discussion, both in terms of connections from sentence to sentence and in terms of relationships between ideas and sections of a discussion.
Another key point made is when Flower discusses the writing experiment with the bus system letter. If we think about it, we have been told a lot in general about how to approach reading a text, and surprisingly little about how exactly to find meaning in a text.
Ask students to imagine how the reader would respond to what they are writing.
What should we look for, then, when we read? A Linguistic Approach How then should we go about learning to read and write better? They do not tell ushowto question,whatto look for when we read, orhowto find the meaning to summarize. When should this transition be implemented? When the going gets tough, our first recourse is to do everything we did before, but more deliberately.
For a broader view of how meaning is conveyed by text, these pages focus on an examination of the choices open to a writer in forming a text: However, it would seem that in this scenario, the process of revision, though frustrating, is worthwhile. She gives an exercise example of this, and then displays criteria writers can use to evaluate the mutual goal.
We reread words and read aloud to make sense of the remarks, trying to recreate the verbal pauses that might give clues to the structure of sentences. What are the benefits of approaching revision this way? Writer-based prose has, according to Flower, two features: Teaching Revision Strategies Strategy 1: Although there are some ideas that will help all writers ex.
Attempt to revise, which could be very frustrating when in her head, the essay already makes perfect sense. We shall see how new ideas are generated from the relationships of other ideas and that we read and write ideas, rather than merely words. My point is that not everyone has the same process.
Activities such as these can maximize your readingefforts. The Traditional Genre Approach Freshman composition texts are generally organized on the basis of prose genres: Flower touches on the difficulty some students have in deviating from the standard descriptions of their assignments — thinking outside the box and constructing reader-based pieces.
But reading better involves more than simply trying harder. Should moving from writer-based prose to reader-based prose be solely taught at the college level, or introduced earlier? If the writer does not write with the reader in mind from the start, then she may create a draft that is completely incomprehensible to an outside reader.The study examined the effect of using the reading for writing approach on developing the writing ability of Egyptian EFL learners and their attitudes towards writing.
Sample. Thirty, first year secondary school students participated in this study. Method. A quasi-experimental pretest posttest control group design was used to form an experimental. Reading instruction continues to be one of the most debated topics in education. Some experts tout the importance of basal-based instructional methods, which include learning phonetic rules methodically, reading stories written based on those phonics rules, and answering questions about each story.
Reader-based prose is a kind of public writing: a text that is composed (or revised) with an audience in mind. Contrast with writer-based prose.
The concept of reader-based prose is part of a controversial social-cognitive theory of writing that was introduced by professor of rhetoric Linda Flower in the late s and early s. Mar 02, · Reader-based vs. Writer-based Prose.
Posted on March 2, by mi-centre.com Strategies for revising student writing can vary depending on the kind of writing students engage in.
There is a particular style of writing that is especially beneficial for students, and coaxing them to get into the mindset of using reader-based prose is one. Approaches to Writing Instruction for Adolescent English Language Learners A DISCUSSION OF RECENT RESEARCH AND PRACTICE LITERATURE IN RELATION TO NATIONWIDE STANDARDS.
The process approach treats all writing as a creative act which requires time and positive feedback to be done well. In process writing, the teacher moves away from being someone who sets students a writing topic and receives the finished product for correction without any intervention in the writing process itself.Download